Filipino man diagnosed with typhoid, CDC calls for " no untreated water, no uncooked food"
Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (CDC) confirmed the first case of typhoid was a thirty-ish Filipino man who had symptoms including fever, headache, and bloody stool since Jan. 21. He had sought medical treatment on the 31st, and due to the persistence of symptoms, he went to the hospital again on Feb. 6, was hospitalized for medical examination and was diagnosed with positive typhoid. His symptoms have currently improved, and he has discharged from the hospital. Contacts living in the same room have no relevant symptoms. The health unit has further investigated the case's diet history and contact history to clarify the possible source of infection. Since the Filipino man has no history of leaving the country during the incubation period, he has been preliminarily judged as a domestic infection.
According to the statistics by the CDC, 2 confirmed cases of typhoid were reported this year, of which one case was infected in Indonesia. 21 cases were confirmed last year, of which 17 cases were infected overseas (7 cases in Indonesia, 2 cases each in India, the Philippines, and Cambodia, 1 case each in Myanmar, Malaysia, Pakistan, and China, 4 cases were of domestic infection). In the past three years (from 2017 to 2019), the number of cases of typhoid in the same period was 4, 4, and 1, and the cases infected overseas all happened in neighboring Asian countries.
Typhoid is caused by bacteria in people's intestinal tracts, and its incubation period is about 8 to 14 days after exposure to the bacteria (or from 3 to 60 days). The infection is often passed on through contaminated food and drinking water. Common symptoms include fever, headache, stomachache, diarrhea, or cough. Prevention measures include drinking boiled water (bottled water), eating cooked hot food, and washing hands with soap or hand sanitizer before and after eating. For relevant information, please refer to 疾管署全球資訊網 or call the Epidemic Prevention Hotline 1922(or 0800-001922).